2019 Sustainability Report

arrow blueCommitted to using financial, natural and human resources wisely without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs

Performance Dashboard

Environmental Data

302-1
Energy consumption within the organization

302-4
Reduction of energy consumption

GRI 302-1, 302-4
Energy

 

FY 2014

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

Fy 2018

FY 2019

Total Energy Consumption (MWh)

3,228,000

3,057,000

3,009,000

3,058,000

3,103,200
5,398,000

Energy Reduction per Unit of Production

Baseline year

N/A

1.8%

3.1%

4.2%

0.0%

Electricity Used (MWh)

 -

 -

848,000

859,000

861,000
1,398,000

Renewable Energy Used (Thousands of MWh)

 -

 -

3

3
 4
15

Energy Reductions Due to Reduction Initiatives (Scope 1, 2, and 3; gigajoules)

 -
 -
15,000

27,000

 32,000
243,800

 

302-1
Energy consumption within the organization

GRI
302-1
Fuel
 

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

FY 2018

FY 2019

Total Non-Renewable (gigajoules)

 -

5,138,000

5,470,000

 5,626,000
 12,083,100

Coal/Lignite Used (Thousands of MT)

 -

0

0
 0
 0.31

Natural Gas Used (Thousands of m3)

 -

126,865

135,100
 139,400
 303,900

Crude Oil/Distillate Fuels (Including Diesel, #2 Fuel) Used (Thousands of m3)

 -

10,907

11,660
 10,700
 16,500

Renewables* (gigajoules)

 -

2,631,000

2,446,000

 2,446,000
 2,316,000

Total Fuel (gigajoules)

 -

7,770,000 

7,916,000

 8,072,000
 14,399,000
*Renewable fuel sources include bark, scrap wood and cardboard

 

305-1
Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions

305-2
Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions

305-3
Other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions

305-4
GHG emissions intensity

305-5
Reduction of GHG emissions

GRI
305-1
305-2
305-3
305-4
305-5
Emissions (Thousands of Metric Tons)

 

FY 2014*

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

Fy 2018

FY 2019

GHG Scope 1

362.3

322.5

345.7

367.7

 376.7
676.0

GHG Scope 2 (Location-based)

496.0

438.6

446.7

416.0

 415.9
614.0

GHG Scope 3

251.5

221.9

2,927.0

3,089.0

 2,867.0
 4,403.0

GHG Total

1,109.8

983.0

3,719.4

3,872.7

 3,659.6
 5,693.0

% Reduction in Emissions per Unit of Production**

Baseline year

6.0%

2.0%

8.4%

 10.3%
 11.0%

GHG Intensity (Scope 1 and 2, total per $ revenue)

0.00020

0.00021

0.00025

0.00022

0.00021
0.00028

Emission Reductions Due to Reduction Initiatives (Scope 1, 2, and 3)

 -

 -

Baseline year

25.0

 25.0
 3.0

Percentage of the Company’s Operations That Are Covered in Its Disclosures on Emissions

 -

 -

100%

100%

 100%
 100%
Notes:
  1. Source: Greif 2019 CDP Climate Response
  2. 2019 energy and emissions data accounts for all legacy Greif and Caraustar facilities.
  3. Emissions data accounts for CO2, CH4 and N2O
  4. Scope 3 emissions takes into account upstream transportation and distribution. In 2017, scope 3 was expanded to include purchased goods and services, capital goods, fuel and energy related activities not included in Scope 1 and 2, including waste generated in operations, business travel, employee commuting and end of life treatment of sold products.
  5. 2019 GHG Verification Statement
*To standardize emissions and inform year-over-year progress toward our 2025 goal, our 2014 emissions data has been restated to correct several facilities’ eGRID regions. Total does not include 246,000 metric tons of CO2e from biogenic sources.
**Our percent reduction in emissions per unit of production dropped from FY 2015 to FY 2016 due to increased fugitive emissions from our Riverville, Virginia, paper mill and total emissions from our Massillon, Ohio, paper mill. Updated emissions and global warming potential factors also contributed to this change. Data based on legacy Greif facilities only to maintain comperability with 2014 baseline.

 

303-1
Water withdrawal by source

306-1
Water discharge by quality and destination

306-5
Water bodies affected by water discharges and/or runoff

GRI
303-1
306-1
306-5
Water*

 

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

FY 2018 

FY 2019

Water Withdrawal (Thousands of cubic meters)*

8,365.4

8,420.2

9,666.3

9,360.8 

13,864.4

Surface Water

 -  -

9,242.7

8,630.0 

10,266.8

Ground Water

 -  -

423.6

730.7 

3,597.6

Rainwater

 -  -  -  -  -

Wastewater

 - - -  -  -

Municipal Water†

 -

 -  -  -  -

Wastewater Discharge (Thousands of cubic meters)**

8,255.1

7,961.4

8,983.2

9,316.2 

11,853.5

James River

 -  -

8,788.8

8,907.1 

7,949.5

City of Massillon

 -  -

191.6

407.1 

424.0

Tuscarawas River

 -  -

2.8

2.0 

2.5

Sweetwater Creek^

 -  -

 -

 -

0.0

Cobb County WWTP^

 -  -

 -

 -

844.9

Cincinnati Metropolitan Sewerage District^^

 -  -

 -

 -

37.6

Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District^^

 -  -

 -

 -

349.0

Los Angeles County Sanitation District WWTF^^

 -  -

 -

 -

196.8

Three Mile Creek^

 -  -

 -

 -

0.0

Mobile Wright Smith WWTP^

 -  -

 -

 -

337.2

Village of Baltimore WWTF**

 -  -

 -

 -

0.0

West Branch Paw Paw Creek**

 -  -

 -

 -

146.7

San Jose-Santa Clara Regional WWTP^^

 -  -

 -

 -

288.1

Tacoma Central WWTP^^

 -  -

 -

 -

6.9

City of Fitchburg WWTP^

 -  -

 -

 -

322.6

Iowa River**

 -  -

 -

 -

291.8

Cherry Lake**

 -  -

 -

 -

597.8

Iowa Tributary**

 -  -

 -

 -

58.0

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (Thousands of kg)

2,080.4

1,050.4

890.4

204.2

3,508.3

Total Suspended Solids (kg)

489,334

546,857

465,098

349,003

875,791

Phosphorus (kg)

5,517

5,728

4,991

6,617  4,708

Production (MT)

637,000

665,000

690,000

713,336 

1,729

Consumption Rate (m3/MT)

13.1

12.7

14.0

13.1 

8.02

Notes:
  1. 2015 to 2018 data is from Greif’s two paper mills, one of which is located in Riverville, Virginia, and the other in Massillon, Ohio. Historically, these two paper mills accounted for more than 90% of Greif’s global water footprint. They draw from the James River and onsite water wells, respectively. 2019 data includes 12 former Caraustar mills that were acquired and integrated in 2019. All 2019 data is full year data. Quality of wastewater discharged from our mills meets permit requirements. No discharged water was used by another organization. WWPT = Wastewater Treatment Plant.

*Evaporative losses estimated
**Treated with primary clarification, secondary clarification and aeration before direct discharge
^ Treated with wastewater pre-treatment including soluble BOD removal
^^ Treated with wastewater pre-treatment with solids only.
† Greif does not currently track withdrawal of municipal water. 

306-2
Waste by type and disposal method

GRI
306-2
Waste Stream

 

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

FY 2018

FY 2019

Hazardous Waste (Thousands of Metric Tons)

Total Waste to Landfill

0.22

0.15

0.53

1.64

2.43

Waste to Landfill

0.22

0.15

0.53

1.29

1.16

Incinerated (no energy recovery)****

 -  -  -

0.35

1.27

Total Non-Landfill*

0.41

0.41

7.10

14.10

20.72

Incinerated (with energy recovery)**

 -

 -

1.20

3.37

4.07

Composted***

 -  -  -  0 0

Reused†

 -

 -

0.40

1.51

0.65

Reclaimed††

0.02

 -

0.19

0.22

0.37

Recycled†††

0.01

0.04

2.01

7.60

14.08

Miscellaneous (Non Landfill)††††

0.38

0.37

3.30

1.40

1.55

Total Hazardous Waste

0.63

0.56

7.64

15.74

23.15

Non-Hazardous Waste (Thousands of Metric Tons)

Total Waste to Landfill

41.17

45.20

57.40

54.59
33.84

Waste to Landfill Landfill

41.17

45.20

57.40

54.11

33.38

Incinerated (no energy recovery)****

 -  -  -

0.48

0.46

Total Non-Landfill*

40.83

51.90

161.80

257.22

184.36

Incinerated (with energy recovery)**

 -

 -

0.95

2.05

2.95

Composted***

 -

 -

15.28

0.35

15.78

Reused†

0.03

0.13

17.15

11.64

12.32

Reclaimed††

0.01

0.01

13.2

9.44

9.85

Recycled†††

9.8

9.1

111.86

232.00

141.22

Miscellaneous (Non Landfill)††††

31.02

42.64

3.38

2.05

2.24

Total Non-Hazardous Waste

82.00

97.10

219.20

311.81

218.19

Total Waste

82.63

97.66

226.84

327.55

241.33

Notes:
  1. In our 2015 Sustainability Report, we reported our waste stream for our RIPS North America business unit only. In 2016, we expanded our data collection to all of our North American business units. In 2017, we expanded our data collection to all global operations. Data does not include facilities obtained as part of the acquisition of Caraustar. Legacy Caraustar facilities will be incorporated into waste reporting in 2020.

*Non-Landfill: Includes chemical-physical, incineration with energy recovery, recycled, reused, reclaimed, composted and fuels blending treatment methods 
**Incinerated (with energy recovery): Treatment method involving the combustion of solid waste that results in energy capture.
***Composted: Treatment method involving the biological decomposition of solid or liquid operational waste
**** Incinerated (no energy recovery): Treatment method involving the combustion of solid waste that does not result in energy capture.

†Recycled: Treatment method involving the separation, preparation and sale of recyclable materials to end-user manufacturers.
††Reused: Treatment method involving the use of a material for its original purpose multiple times
†††Reclaimed: Treatment method involving the process of extracting and converting materials from recycled materials to be used again.
†††† Miscellaneous (Non Landfill): All other treatment methods not mentioned previously, including Deep Well Injection and On-Site Storage, which were reported separately in 2017.

 

Product lifecycle management (sasb RT-CP-410a.1, RT-CP-410a.2)

 

Raw Materials from Recycled and Renewable Sources (FY 2019, % of metric tons)* 

Percent of Substrate

Percent of Total Materials Sourced

Total

 

71.2% 

Recycled Content

13.7%

4.4% 

Steel

15.0%

4.1%

Plastic

5.6%

0.4%

Renewable Sources

0.2%

1.7% 

Plastic

0.2%

1.7%

Renewable and Recycled Content

100%

65.0% 

Fibre

100%

65.0%

* As Greif's first year reporting SASB metrics, all figures are estimated based on our current product classifications and reporting practices. Data is reported only for our Rigid Industrial Packaging and Paper Packaging Services business segments and is estimated based on average procurement and manufacturing data across our product lines. 90% of the fiber used in our Paper Packaging Services business segment is sourced from 100% recycled content. 100% of the fiber used in our Paper Packaging Services business segment is sourced from renewable sources. For reporting purposes, 100% of that volume is reported as renewable and recycled content. Our 2020 report will include data with updated assumptions and from additional business segments.

Revenue from products that are reusable, recyclable, and/or compostable ($)*

FY 2019

Total

$2,631,808,470

Recyclable

$2,444,531,000

Reusable

$0 

Compostable

$187,277,000

*As Greif's first year reporting SASB metrics, all figures are estimated based on our current product classifications and financial reporting practices. Data has been aggregated to eliminate double counting. In our Rigid Industrial Packaging and Paper Packaging Services businesses, all steel, plastic and paper products are recyclable. All steel and plastic products are also designed to be reusable. Revenue from these products is counted as recyclable except for coated container board, which is compostable. Greif's fibre drums are recyclable, but excluded from these figures as doing so is not a common market practice. We will begin reporting fibre drums as recyclable when doing so becomes a more common practice in the market. Data does not include revenue from our Flexible Packaging Services business segment or Tri-Sure operating segment. Accurate data is currently unavailable from those segments, however we will include them in our 2020 report along with more accurate estimates across all of our business segments.
 
306-3
Significant spills

GRI
306-3
EarthMinded Life Cycle Services - Estimated Drums and IBCs Reconditioned*

 

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

Fy 2018 

FY 2019

Recycled

780,500

1,045,093

904,883

849,498 

831,576

Steel Drums

553,300

689,513

534,369

571,355 

509,884

Poly Drums

196,300

277,672

212,272

161,447 

243,186

Intermediate Bulk Containers

30,900

77,908

158,242

116,696 

78,506

Reconditioned

4,076,700

3,808,242

3,218,885

3,258,848 

3,533,358

Steel Drums

3,356,200

3,072,348

2,565,052

2,713,025 

2,699,393

Poly Drums

374,100

375,307

321,188

244,497 

194,011

Intermediate Bulk Containers

346,400

360,587

332,645

301,326 

639,954

Total Collected

4,857,200

4,853,335 

4,136,828

4,105,936 

4,348,706

Steel Drums

3,909,500

3,761,861

3,099,633

3,284,380 

3,193,049

Poly Drums

570,400

652,979

535,460

405,944 

437,197

Intermediate Bulk Containers

377,300 438,495

501,735

415,612 

718,460

Virgin Materials Saved by Reconditioning and Reuse (Metric Tons)**

 77,773

71,573

63,111

63,587 

76,400

Steel

70,198

65,743

56,200

57,664

66,900

High-Density Polyethylene

5,742

5,830

5,150

4,243
5,900

Wood

1,833

-

1,761

1,680
3,600

Virgin Materials Saved by Recycling (Metric Tons)**

 12,076

17,402

18,755

16,644

16,145

Steel

9,657

13,288

13,463

12,697

10,918

High-Density Polyethylene

2,297

3,817

4,580

3,385
4,888

Wood

122

297

712

562
339

Notes:

  1. Virgin Materials Saved by Reconditioning and Reuse data has been restated to standardize units across regions
*Estimated Drums and Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Recycled and Reconditioned (North America and Europe, Middle East and Africa)
**Estimates based on the quantity of reconditioned packaging and average packaging specifications (North America and Europe)
***Estimates based on the quantity of recycled packaging and average packaging specifications (North America and Europe)

 

rebu – estimated Flexible intermediate bulk containers (fibcs) reconditioned, europe, middle east and africa*

 

FY 2015 

FY 2016

FY 2017

Fy 2018

FY 2019

Total FIBCs Collected

- -  -

316,324

275,732

Reconditioned

 -

 -

 -

224,418

179,912

Recycled

 -

 -

 -

91,906

95,820

Total Virgin Polyethylene Saved (Metric Tons)

     

727.6

634.2

Virgin Polyethylene Saved by Reconditioning and Reuse (Metric Tons)*

 -

 -

 -

516.2

413.8

Virgin Polyethylene Saved by Recycling (Metric Tons)**

 -

 -

 -

211.4

220.4

*Estimates based on the quantity of reconditioned packaging and average packaging specifications (Europe)
**Estimates based on the quantity of recycled packaging and average packaging specifications (Europe)
Environmental Operational Policies

Climate Change Policy

Climate Strategy, Energy, & Emissions

Climate Change Risks Discussed

2019 Annual Report, page 19; CDP C2.3a 

Energy Efficiency Policy

Climate Strategy, Energy, & Emissions

Emissions Reduction Initiatives

Climate Strategy, Energy, & Emissions

Waste Reduction Policy

Waste

Water Policy

Water

Sustainable Packaging

Innovation, Supply Chain Management

Environmental Quality Management Policy

Environmental Management Systems

Environmental Supply Chain Management

Environmental Management Systems, Supply Chain Management

GRI Criteria Compliance

About Our Report

Biodiversity Policy

Biodiversity

 

Social Data

401-1
New employee hires and employee turnover

404-1
Average hours of training per year per employee

404-3
Percentage of employees receiving regular performance and career development reviews

GRI
401-1
404-1
404-3
Employment

 

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

FY 2018

FY 2019

Total Employees

-

-

13,171

13,066

17,042

Full Time

-

-

11,799

12,473

16,668

Part Time

-

-

175

151

169

Temporary

-

-

1,197

442

205

% Women in Management

 -

22.0%

17.0%

16%

16%

% Women in Workforce

 -

24.0%

25.0%

24%

23%

% Employees Covered by Collective Bargaining Agreements

 -

65.3%

49.7%

52.0%

45.2%

New Employee Hires (Total)

3,917

2,467

2,925

2,941

3,626

Region

         

Asia Pacific

-

-

647

560

456

Europe, Middle East and Africa

-

-

991

1,279

1,074

Latin America

-

-

240

170

410

North America

-

-

1,047

932

1,686

Gender

         

Female

-

-

782

754

841

Male

-

-

2,143

2,187

2,785

Age

         

16–20

-

-

202

163

247

21–30

-

-

1,198

1,102

1,372

31–40

-

-

798

865

1,023

41–50

-

-

507

568

620

51–60

-

-

208

202

315

60+

-

-

12

31

49

Employee Attrition*

27.9%

21.8%

21.3%

24.3%

24.0%

Region

         

Asia Pacific

-

-

20.2%

19.7%

14.8%

Europe, Middle East and Africa

-

-

39.6%

40.0%

31.0%

Latin America

-

-

8.0%

10.5%

9.1%

North America

-

-

32.3%

29.8%

45.1%

Length of Service

         

Less than 12 Months

-

-

50.2%

48.0%

49.0%

More than 12 Months

-

-

49.8%

52.0%

51.0%

Training Hours per Employee**

 

  

   

Skillport (Greif Learning Network)

-

-

2

2.55

5.5

Leadership, Professional, Production

-

-

9.6

6

3.2

Employees Receiving Regular Performance Reviews^

 -

90%

92%

85%

92%

*Attrition by region and length of service given as percent of attrition for fiscal year.
**Average hours of training per unique participant. Data excludes safety training and local functional training. FY2017 data has been restated from the 2018 Sustainability Report to exclude this data. For more information on safety training, please see Health & Safety.
^Includes eligible professional, clerical and administrative employees.

403-2
Types of injury and rates of injury, occupational diseases, lost days, and absenteeism, and number of work-related fatalities

GRI
403-2
Employee Health & Safety

 

FY 2012

FY 2013

FY 2014

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

FY 2018

FY 2019***

MCR*

1.59

1.49

1.45

1.2

0.96

0.95

0.98

1.49

LWCR**

1.12

0.97

0.97

0.78

0.57

0.55

0.57

0.69 

*MCR, or Medical Case Rate, measures the number of recordable injuries per 100 full-time employees in a 12-month period.
**LWCR, or Lost Workday Case Rate, measures the number of recordable injuries resulting in lost workdays per 100 full-time employees in a 12-month period.
*** 2019 data includes Caraustar for only March forward – no data included for first 4 months of fiscal year.

 

Social Operational Policies

Health and Safety Policy

Environmental Health and Safety Policy

Equal Opportunity Policy

Equal Employment Opportunity & Diversity Policy

Human Rights Policy

Human Rights Policy

Training Policy

Talent Management Policy

Business Ethics Policy

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

Fair Remuneration Policy

Equal Employment Opportunity & Diversity Policy

Fair Treatment of Others Policy

Employee Protection/Whistle Blower Policy

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

Anti-Bribery Ethics Policy

Anti-Bribery and Sanctions Policy

Policy Against Child Labor

Child Labor Policy

 

Supply Chain management

Social Supply Chain Management

Supplier Code of ConductConflict Minerals PolicyConflict Minerals Report

Supplier Guidelines Encompass ESG Areas; Publicly Disclosed

Supplier Code of Conduct

 

 

Product Data

416-2
Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services

GRI
416-2
Product Quality

 

 

FY 2014

FY 2015

FY 2016

FY 2017

FY 2018

FY 2019

Corrective Action Rate (CAR)*

 
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services North Amerca
 -

1.9

1.6

1.3

1.0

1.0

Europe, Middle East and Africa
-

-

-

-

-

1.28

Order Reliability Rate**

Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services North Amerca
 -

99.6%

99.7%

99.8%

99.8%

99.8%

Number of Customer Complaints

  
Rigid Industrial Packaging & Services North Amerca

672

593

433

389

350

330

Asia Pacific
-
-
-
-
-
334
Europe, Middle East and Africa
-
-
-
-
898
*CAR measures customer complaints per 100,000 units produced
**Order Reliability Rate defines the rate of failure between orders produced and estimates non-compliance with voluntary codes. No regulatory failures or resultant fines have been identified.
activity metrics (sasb RT-CP-000.A, RT-CP-000.B, RT-CP-000.c)

production by substrate (Metric Tons)*

FY 2019

Total

3,551,278

Paper

2,319,195

Plastic

264,450

Steel

967,633

*Production figures are aggregated based on primary substrate of finished good products. 

production by revenue (%)*

FY 2019

Paper

38.8%

Plastic

17.9%

Steel

32.0%

Other*

11.3%

 *Other includes Filling, Reconditioning, Land and Other Misc. Products. Greif does not produce glass.

1.49

Medical Case Rate

Down 57 percent since 2007.

78.4%

Reduction in Biochemical Oxygen Demand

Our efforts in water quality have allowed us to already meet our 10% reduction by 2025 goal.

DEFINITION